# Mystery solved!

This interesting article in today’s NYT tells the story of the fad of Tibetan mastiffs as high-end pets in China.

It is an appealing story about social changes, new riches, inequalities, and so on, but it also, finally, explains why I could never find in San Francisco hot pot that tasted like in Beijing:

Instead, earlier this year Nibble and 20 more unlucky mastiffs found themselves stuffed into metal chicken crates and packed onto a truck with 150 other dogs. If not for a band of Beijing animal rights activists who literally threw themselves in front of the truck, Nibble and the rest would have ended up at a slaughterhouse in northeast China where, at roughly \$5 a head, they would have been rendered into hot pot ingredients, imitation leather and the lining for winter gloves.

# I almost fell for it

This year, the chair of ICALP decided to play an April Fool’s prank three weeks early, and I received the following message:

“Dear author, we regret to inform you that the margins in your submission are too small, and hence we are rejecting it without review”

I was almost fooled. In my defense, the second time that I applied for a position in Italy, the hiring committee judged all my publications to be non-existent, because the (multiple) copies I had sent them had not been authenticated by a notary. So I am trained not to consider it too strange that a paper could be evaluated based on the width of its margins (or the stamps on its pages) rather than on the content of its theorem.

# Paul Erdös’s 102-ennial

Paul Erdös would be 102 year old this year, and in celebration of this the Notices of the AMS have published a two-part series of essays on his life and his work: [part 1] and [part 2].

Of particular interest to me is the story of the problem of finding large gaps between primes; recently Maynard, Ford, Green, Konyagin, and Tao solved an Erdös \$10,000 question in this direction. It is probably the Erdös open question with the highest associated reward ever solved (I don’t know where to look up this information — for comparison, Szemeredi’s theorem was a \$1,000 question), and it is certainly the question whose statement involves the most occurrences of “$\log$“.

# Harald Helfgott on Growth in Groups

The Bulletin of the AMS is going to publish a 57-page survey on growth in groups, which is already online, and which touches several topics of interest to readers of in theory, including the recent work of Bourgain and Gamburd on expander Cayley graphs of $SL_2(p)$ and the work of Helfgott and Seress on the diameter of permutation groups.

# Alexander Grothendieck

Alexander Grothendieck died on Thursday at age 86 in Saint-Girons.

Grothendieck, who started his work in functional analysis, is known for his far-reaching (and still incomplete) program of creating new foundations for algebraic geometry, a work that he led at IHES in the 50s and 60s and that is documented in the thousands of pages of EGA and SGA. If modern algebraic geometry is built on schemes, has applications to number theory, has definitions given in a category-theoretic language, and is completely incomprehensible to the novice, it is all thanks to Grothendieck’s vision.

In his 40s, and the top of his game, Grothendieck left IHES over the issue of military funding, and progressively detached from the mathematical community, while embracing environmental and anti-war causes.

Grothendieck’s life story, from his escaping Nazi Germany, to his revolution in mathematics, to his radical politics and later hermit life, is spellbinding. Some of it is told in a great two-part article in the Notices of the AMS (part 1, part 2) and I would also recommend this more technical essay and this more philosophical one.

Grothendieck has a flair for effective naming, he had a way with words, and he liked elaborate metaphors. Here is his famous “how to break a nut” analogy describing his style of mathematical research

I can illustrate the second approach with the same image of a nut to be opened. The first analogy that came to my mind is of immersing the nut in some softening liquid, and why not simply water? From time to time you rub so the liquid penetrates better, and otherwise you let time pass. The shell becomes more flexible
through weeks and months—when the time is ripe, hand pressure is enough, the shell opens like a perfectly ripened avocado!

# An Alternative to the Seddighin-Hajiaghayi Ranking Methodology

[Update 10/24/14: there was a bug in the code I wrote yesterday night, apologies to the colleagues at Rutgers!]

[Update 10/24/14: a reaction to the authoritative study of MIT and the University of Maryland. Also, coincidentally, today Scott Adams comes down against reputation-based rankings]

Saeed Seddighin and MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi have proposed a ranking methodology for theory groups based on the following desiderata: (1) the ranking should be objective, and based only on quantitative information and (2) the ranking should be transparent, and the methodology openly revealed.

Inspired by their work, I propose an alternative methodology that meets both criteria, but has some additional advantages, including having an easier implementation. Based on the same Brown University dataset, I count, for each theory group, the total number of letters in the name of each faculty member.

Here are the results (apologies for the poor formatting):

1 ( 201 ) Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2 ( 179 ) Georgia Institute of Technology
3 ( 146 ) Rutgers – State University of New Jersey – New Brunswick
4 ( 142 ) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
5 ( 141 ) Princeton University
6 ( 139 ) Duke University
7 ( 128 ) Carnegie Mellon University
8 ( 126 ) University of Texas – Austin
9 ( 115 ) University of Maryland – College Park
10 ( 114 ) Texas A&M University
11 ( 111 ) Northwestern University
12 ( 110 ) Stanford University
13 ( 108 ) Columbia University
14 ( 106 ) University of Wisconsin – Madison
15 ( 105 ) University of Massachusetts – Amherst
16 ( 105 ) University of California – San Diego
17 ( 98 ) University of California – Irvine
18 ( 94 ) New York University
19 ( 94 ) State University of New York – Stony Brook
20 ( 93 ) University of Chicago
21 ( 91 ) Harvard University
22 ( 91 ) Cornell University
23 ( 87 ) University of Southern California
24 ( 87 ) University of Michigan
25 ( 85 ) University of Pennsylvania
26 ( 84 ) University of California – Los Angeles
27 ( 81 ) University of California – Berkeley
28 ( 78 ) Dartmouth College
29 ( 76 ) Purdue University
30 ( 71 ) California Institute of Technology
31 ( 67 ) Ohio State University
32 ( 63 ) Brown University
33 ( 61 ) Yale University
34 ( 54 ) University of Rochester
35 ( 53 ) University of California – Santa Barbara
36 ( 53 ) Johns Hopkins University
37 ( 52 ) University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
38 ( 49 ) Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
39 ( 48 ) North Carolina State University
40 ( 47 ) University of Florida
41 ( 45 ) Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
42 ( 44 ) University of Washington
43 ( 44 ) University of California – Davis
44 ( 44 ) Pennsylvania State University
45 ( 40 ) University of Colorado Boulder
46 ( 38 ) University of Utah
47 ( 36 ) University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill
48 ( 33 ) Boston University
49 ( 31 ) University of Arizona
50 ( 30 ) Rice University
51 ( 14 ) University of Virginia
52 ( 12 ) Arizona State University
53 ( 12 ) University of Pittsburgh

I should acknowledge a couple of limitations of this methodology: (1) the Brown dataset is not current, but I believe that the results would not be substantially different even with current data, (2) it might be reasonable to only count the letters in the last name, or to weigh the letters in the last name by 1 and the letters in the first name by 1/2. If there is sufficient interest, I will post rankings according to these other methodologies.

# Happy Birthday, Joshua Wong!

When he was 14, Joshua Wong cofounded Scholarism, the Hong Kong student movement that successfully protested the introduction of a “patriotic” curriculum. Now he is one of the student leaders of the Hong Kong pro-democracy movement.

Despite facing continued violence from triad-affiliated gangsters, the occupation continues, always in a uniquely Hong Kong manner.

Today Joshua Wong turns 18, and he gains the right to vote. May he be able to use this right freely!

[Photo by Anthony Kwan, video by the New York Times]